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Balanophyllia europaea

(Risso, 1826)

Corals are solitary corallites, oval to hourglass in shape and up to 20 millimetres diameter. Septa are well developed and arranged according to Pourtalès plan. Columellae are broad and deep seated. Walls are composed of porous coenosteum. Tentacles are extended only at night.

Colour: Yellowish- or pinkish-brown.

Habitat: Rocky foreshores to a depth of 50 metres.

Abundance: Sometimes common.

Similar species: Duncanopsammia axifuga

Taxonomic note: Source reference: Veron (2000). Taxonomic reference: Zibrowius (1980). Additional identification guide: Mojetta and Ghisotti (1994).

Map displaying probable distribution of species. Points indicate recorded sightings from OBIS.
Balanophyllia europaea.  Mediterranean.  Polyps are solitary and show little variation.  Maoz Fine.

Balanophyllia europaea.Mediterranean.Polyps are solitary and show little variation.Maoz Fine.

Balanophyllia europaea.  Mediterranean.  Showing solitary corallite.

Balanophyllia europaea.Mediterranean.Showing solitary corallite.

Balanophyllia europaea.  Mediterranean.  Showing solitary corallite.

Balanophyllia europaea.Mediterranean.Showing solitary corallite.

Balanophyllia europaea.  Mediterranean.  Showing solitary corallite.

Balanophyllia europaea.Mediterranean.Showing solitary corallite.