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Scolymia vitiensis

Br├╝ggemann, 1877

There is wide latitudinal variation in this species. In subtropical localities it is usually solitary, flat and less than 60 millimetres diameter. In the tropics it is larger and sometimes colonial. Septa slope up from the columella to an indistinct wall then costae slope down to the periphery. This gives the fleshy mantle of the polyps a distinctive concentric texture. Secondary centres occur near the colony centre and also around the periphery. Septo-costae are sturdy, with large blunt teeth.

Colour: Usually dark green or tan.

Habitat: Most reef environments.

Abundance: Usually uncommon, rare in the south-west Indian Ocean.

Similar species:

Taxonomic note: Source reference: Veron (2000). Taxonomic reference: Chevalier (1975, as Parascolymia vitiensis), Veron and Pichon (1980). Additional identification guides: Veron (1986), Nishihira and Veron (1995).

Map displaying probable distribution of species. Points indicate recorded sightings from OBIS.
Scolymia vitiensis.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Common colour variations.  Valerie Taylor.

Scolymia vitiensis.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Common colour variations.Valerie Taylor.

Scolymia vitiensis.  Vanuatu.  Common colour variations.  Charlie Veron.

Scolymia vitiensis.Vanuatu.Common colour variations.Charlie Veron.

Scolymia vitiensis.  Papua New Guinea.  Common colour variations.  Neville Coleman.

Scolymia vitiensis.Papua New Guinea.Common colour variations.Neville Coleman.

Scolymia vitiensis.  Papua New Guinea.  Large specimens may have one or several mouths.  Gerry Allen.

Scolymia vitiensis.Papua New Guinea.Large specimens may have one or several mouths.Gerry Allen.

Scolymia vitiensis.  Indonesia.  Groups of corallites are uncommon. These may resemble Lobophyllia.  Valerie Taylor.

Scolymia vitiensis.Indonesia.Groups of corallites are uncommon. These may resemble Lobophyllia.Valerie Taylor.

Scolymia vitiensis.  Papua New Guinea.  Surface detail.  Charlie Veron.

Scolymia vitiensis.Papua New Guinea.Surface detail.Charlie Veron.

Scolymia vitiensis.  null.  With peripheral corallites. These colonies resemble Australomussa rowleyensis.  null.

Scolymia vitiensis.null.With peripheral corallites. These colonies resemble Australomussa rowleyensis.null.

Scolymia vitiensis.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing a solitary corallite.

Scolymia vitiensis.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing a solitary corallite.

Scolymia vitiensis.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing a corallite cluster.

Scolymia vitiensis.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing a corallite cluster.

Scolymia vitiensis.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing compound corallites.

Scolymia vitiensis.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing compound corallites.

Scolymia vitiensis.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing a solitary corallite.

Scolymia vitiensis.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing a solitary corallite.

Scolymia vitiensis.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing a solitary corallite.

Scolymia vitiensis.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing a solitary corallite.