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Montipora efflorescens

Bernard, 1897

Colonies are massive, the surface being flat or consisting of an irregular series of mounds or short columns. The coenosteum is covered with papillae which are usually elongate on mounds and short on flat plates. Thecal papillae are always present, those around corallites on mounds being relatively elongate. Thecal papillae are longer than coenosteum papillae, and may form a ring around corallite openings.

Colour: Usually bright or dark green, sometimes cream, brown, blue (which may photograph purple) or pink.

Habitat: Upper reef slopes.

Abundance: Common.

Similar species: Montipora lobulata , Montipora stilosa

Taxonomic note: Source reference: Veron (2000). Taxonomic reference: Veron and Wallace (1984). Additional identification guides: Veron (1986), Nishihira and Veron (1995).

Map displaying probable distribution of species. Points indicate recorded sightings from OBIS.
Montipora efflorescens.  Cook Islands, south-western Pacific.  Surface.  Gustav Paulay.

Montipora efflorescens.Cook Islands, south-western Pacific.Surface.Gustav Paulay.

Montipora efflorescens.  Red Sea.  Nodular surface.  Charlie Veron.

Montipora efflorescens.Red Sea.Nodular surface.Charlie Veron.

Montipora efflorescens.  null.  Surface.  null.

Montipora efflorescens.null.Surface.null.

Montipora efflorescens.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Corallite detail.  Charlie Veron.

Montipora efflorescens.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Corallite detail.Charlie Veron.

Montipora efflorescens.  Red Sea.  Massive colony.  Charlie Veron.

Montipora efflorescens.Red Sea.Massive colony.Charlie Veron.

Montipora efflorescens.  Red Sea.  Nodular surface.  Mary Stafford-Smith.

Montipora efflorescens.Red Sea.Nodular surface.Mary Stafford-Smith.

Montipora efflorescens. Skeletal detail.  Geoff Kelly.

Montipora efflorescens.Skeletal detail.Geoff Kelly.

Montipora efflorescens.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing colony surface.

Montipora efflorescens.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing colony surface.

Montipora efflorescens.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing colony surface.

Montipora efflorescens.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing colony surface.

Montipora efflorescens.  Thailand.  Showing corallites.

Montipora efflorescens.Thailand.Showing corallites.

Montipora efflorescens.  Ryukyu Islands, Japan.  Showing coenosteum.

Montipora efflorescens.Ryukyu Islands, Japan.Showing coenosteum.

Montipora efflorescens.  Coral Sea.  Showing massive colony.

Montipora efflorescens.Coral Sea.Showing massive colony.