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Lobophyllia hemprichii

(Ehrenberg, 1834)

Colonies are flat to hemispherical and may be over 5 metres across. Several colonies (which may be different colours and have polyp mantles of different texture) may grow together to form a single composite stand. Colonies are phaceloid to flabello-meandroid, the latter with valleys dividing irregularly as growing space permits. Septa taper in thickness from the wall to the columella and have tall sharp teeth. Retracted polyps are thick and fleshy, with either smooth or rough mantles.

Colour: Uniform in colour or with two or more colours concentric to mouths or valley walls. All corallites of the same colony have the same colours.

Habitat: Upper reef slopes.

Abundance: Frequently a dominant species and may form extensive single species stands.

Similar species: Lobophyllia dentatus

Taxonomic note: Source reference: Veron (2000). Taxonomic references: Chevalier (1975), Veron and Pichon (1980). Additional identification guides: Randall and Myers (1983), Veron (1986), Sheppard and Sheppard (1991), Nishihira and Veron (1995).

Map displaying probable distribution of species. Points indicate recorded sightings from OBIS.
Lobophyllia hemprichii.  null.  An extensive monospecific stand.  null.

Lobophyllia hemprichii. null. An extensive monospecific stand. null.

Lobophyllia hemprichii.  null.  Variation in the surface appearance of colonies. This variation is due to polyp shape, texture and colour.  null.

Lobophyllia hemprichii. null. Variation in the surface appearance of colonies. This variation is due to polyp shape, texture and colour. null.

Lobophyllia hemprichii.  Papua New Guinea.  Variation in the surface appearance of colonies. This variation is due to polyp shape, texture and colour.  Neville Coleman.

Lobophyllia hemprichii. Papua New Guinea. Variation in the surface appearance of colonies. This variation is due to polyp shape, texture and colour. Neville Coleman.

Lobophyllia hemprichii.  Vietnam.  Variation in the surface appearance of colonies. This variation is due to polyp shape, texture and colour.  Charlie Veron.

Lobophyllia hemprichii. Vietnam. Variation in the surface appearance of colonies. This variation is due to polyp shape, texture and colour. Charlie Veron.

Lobophyllia hemprichii.  Middleton Reef, south-eastern Australia.  Variation in the surface appearance of colonies. This variation is due to polyp shape, texture and colour.  Charlie Veron.

Lobophyllia hemprichii. Middleton Reef, south-eastern Australia. Variation in the surface appearance of colonies. This variation is due to polyp shape, texture and colour. Charlie Veron.

Lobophyllia hemprichii.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Variation in corallite detail.  Neville Coleman.

Lobophyllia hemprichii. Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Variation in corallite detail. Neville Coleman.

Lobophyllia hemprichii.  Indonesia.  Variation in corallite detail.  Valerie Taylor.

Lobophyllia hemprichii. Indonesia. Variation in corallite detail. Valerie Taylor.

Lobophyllia hemprichii.  Philippines.  A solitary polyp. These are readily mistaken for Scolymia.  Charlie Veron.

Lobophyllia hemprichii. Philippines. A solitary polyp. These are readily mistaken for Scolymia. Charlie Veron.

Lobophyllia hemprichii.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing whole colony.

Lobophyllia hemprichii. Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Showing whole colony.

Lobophyllia hemprichii.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing a small colony.

Lobophyllia hemprichii. Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Showing a small colony.

Lobophyllia hemprichii.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing characteristic branching pattern.

Lobophyllia hemprichii. Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Showing characteristic branching pattern.

Lobophyllia hemprichii.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing flattened branches.

Lobophyllia hemprichii. Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Showing flattened branches.

Lobophyllia hemprichii.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing corallites.

Lobophyllia hemprichii. Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Showing corallites.

Lobophyllia hemprichii.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing corallites.

Lobophyllia hemprichii. Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Showing corallites.