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herpolitha limax

(Houttuyn, 1772)

Colonies are usually elongate and generally have rounded ends. Mouths occur within the axial furrow which runs most of the length of the colony. Secondary mouths outside the furrow are numerous. Few if any primary septo-costae extend from the axial furrow to the perimeter. Some colonies develop forked axial furrows and become Y, T or X shaped. Tentacles are extended only at night.

Colour: Pale or dark brown or greenish-brown.

Habitat: Reef slopes and lagoons where Fungia occurs.

Abundance: Common.

Similar species:

Taxonomic note: Source reference: Veron (2000). Taxonomic references: Wells (1954), Veron and Pichon (1980), Hoeksema (1989). Additional identification guides: Randall and Myers (1983), Veron (1986), Sheppard and Sheppard (1991), Nishihira and Veron (1995).

Map displaying probable distribution of species. Points indicate recorded sightings from OBIS.
herpolitha limax.  Seychelle Islands.  A large heavy colony.  Charlie Veron.

herpolitha limax.Seychelle Islands.A large heavy colony.Charlie Veron.

herpolitha limax.  Papua New Guinea.  Colonies can have many shapes, even forming circular domes.  Charlie Veron.

herpolitha limax.Papua New Guinea.Colonies can have many shapes, even forming circular domes.Charlie Veron.

herpolitha limax.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Colonies are often X or Y shaped.  Ed Lovell.

herpolitha limax.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Colonies are often X or Y shaped.Ed Lovell.

herpolitha limax.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing the axial furrow of a small colony.  Ed Lovell.

herpolitha limax.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing the axial furrow of a small colony.Ed Lovell.

herpolitha limax.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Detail of septa.  Mary Stafford-Smith.

herpolitha limax.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Detail of septa.Mary Stafford-Smith.

herpolitha limax.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing upper surface.

herpolitha limax.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing upper surface.

herpolitha limax.  Southern Red Sea.  Showing septa.

herpolitha limax.Southern Red Sea.Showing septa.

herpolitha limax.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing upper surface.

herpolitha limax.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing upper surface.

herpolitha limax.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing lower surface.

herpolitha limax.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing lower surface.

herpolitha limax.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing upper surface.

herpolitha limax.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing upper surface.

herpolitha limax.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing lower surface.

herpolitha limax.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing lower surface.

herpolitha limax.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing upper surface.

herpolitha limax.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing upper surface.