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Favites pentagona

(Esper, 1794)

Colonies are submassive to encrusting, sometimes forming irregular columns. They commonly exceed one metre across. Corallites are thin walled and angular. Septa are few in number. Paliform lobes are well developed, commonly forming a conspicuous crown.

Colour: Often brightly coloured, brown or red, commonly with green oral discs.

Habitat: Shallow reef environments.

Abundance: Sometimes common.

Similar species: Favites bestae , Favites micropentagona

Taxonomic note: Taxonomic note: This species is divisible into several smaller semi-distinct taxonomic units. Source reference: Veron (2000). Taxonomic references: Wijsman-Best (1972), Veron, Pichon and Wijsman-Best (1977). Additional identification guides: Veron (1986), Sheppard and Sheppard (1991), Nishihira and Veron (1995), Carpenter et al. (1997).

Map displaying probable distribution of species. Points indicate recorded sightings from OBIS.
Favites pentagona.  Tanzania.  Showing some of the wide range of corallite shapes and colours found in different habitats.  Charlie Veron.

Favites pentagona. Tanzania. Showing some of the wide range of corallite shapes and colours found in different habitats. Charlie Veron.

Favites pentagona.  Tanzania.  Encrusting colonies, exposed to strong wave action.  Charlie Veron.

Favites pentagona. Tanzania. Encrusting colonies, exposed to strong wave action. Charlie Veron.

Favites pentagona.  Dampier Archipelago, western Australia.  Central parts of colonies in shallow water commonly have irregular upper surfaces.  Charlie Veron.

Favites pentagona. Dampier Archipelago, western Australia. Central parts of colonies in shallow water commonly have irregular upper surfaces. Charlie Veron.

Favites pentagona.  Seychelle Islands.  Encrusting colonies, exposed to strong wave action.  Charlie Veron.

Favites pentagona. Seychelle Islands. Encrusting colonies, exposed to strong wave action. Charlie Veron.

Favites pentagona.  South-western Australia.  Showing some of the wide range of corallite shapes and colours found in different habitats.  Charlie Veron.

Favites pentagona. South-western Australia. Showing some of the wide range of corallite shapes and colours found in different habitats. Charlie Veron.

Favites pentagona.  South-western Australia.  Showing some of the wide range of corallite shapes and colours found in different habitats.  Neville Coleman.

Favites pentagona. South-western Australia. Showing some of the wide range of corallite shapes and colours found in different habitats. Neville Coleman.

Favites pentagona.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing colony upgrowth.

Favites pentagona. Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Showing colony upgrowth.

Favites pentagona.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing corallites.

Favites pentagona. Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Showing corallites.

Favites pentagona.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing corallites.

Favites pentagona. Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Showing corallites.

Favites pentagona.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing corallites.

Favites pentagona. Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Showing corallites.

Favites pentagona.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing characteristic corallite structure.

Favites pentagona. Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Showing characteristic corallite structure.