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Echinopora mammiformis

(Nemenzo, 1959)

Colonies are commonly over 5 metres across and are composed of contorted branches and flat plates. Rarely submassive. Corallites are conical, 7-10 millimetres diameter. The coenosteum is smooth or nearly so. Costae are smooth or slightly beaded. Columellae are twisted into a spiral.

Colour: Distinctive cream with blue (which may photograph purple) corallites.

Habitat: Shallow water, especially lagoons and back reef margins.

Abundance: Common.

Similar species:

Taxonomic note: Source reference: Veron (2000). Taxonomic reference: Veron, Pichon and Wijsman-Best (1977). Additional identification guides: Veron (1986), Nishihira and Veron (1995).

Map displaying probable distribution of species. Points indicate recorded sightings from OBIS.
Echinopora mammiformis.  Philippines.  A large colony composed of basal plates and upright branches.  Charlie Veron.

Echinopora mammiformis.Philippines.A large colony composed of basal plates and upright branches.Charlie Veron.

Echinopora mammiformis.  Philippines.  Plates and branches commonly occur in adjacent colonies as seen here, or within the same colony.  Charlie Veron.

Echinopora mammiformis.Philippines.Plates and branches commonly occur in adjacent colonies as seen here, or within the same colony.Charlie Veron.

Echinopora mammiformis.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Colony composed of short branches in a contorted basal plate.  Len Zell.

Echinopora mammiformis.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Colony composed of short branches in a contorted basal plate.Len Zell.

Echinopora mammiformis.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Corallite detail of a branch.  Roger Steene.

Echinopora mammiformis.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Corallite detail of a branch.Roger Steene.

Echinopora mammiformis.  Papua New Guinea.  Corallite detail of a plate.  Valerie Taylor.

Echinopora mammiformis.Papua New Guinea.Corallite detail of a plate.Valerie Taylor.

Echinopora mammiformis.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing massive colony.

Echinopora mammiformis.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing massive colony.

Echinopora mammiformis.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing branches.

Echinopora mammiformis.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing branches.

Echinopora mammiformis.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing plate formation.

Echinopora mammiformis.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing plate formation.

Echinopora mammiformis.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing branch tips.

Echinopora mammiformis.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing branch tips.

Echinopora mammiformis.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing corallites.

Echinopora mammiformis.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing corallites.

Echinopora mammiformis.  Great Barrier Reef, Australia.  Showing corallite detail.

Echinopora mammiformis.Great Barrier Reef, Australia.Showing corallite detail.